Los peces más venenosos y venenosos del mundo

Top 10: Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World

4.2
(5)

Cuando estás sentado en una hermosa playa mirando las olas azules del océano, es fácil olvidar tus problemas y preocupaciones. Sin embargo, si comienza a considerar lo que se encuentra en las profundidades profundas y oscuras de ese mar, es posible que no le guste saber qué se esconde debajo. 

El océano contiene algunas de las criaturas más peligrosas, mortales y desconocidas del mundo. Nuestra lista de los peces más venenosos y venenosos del mundo podría hacerte dudar de tus vacaciones en la playa. 

Los 10 peces más venenosos y venenosos

A continuación, encontrará algunos de los peces más aterradores que tienen formas únicas y mortales de quitarle la vida a sus presas, junto con la suya. Desde una medusa que puede matarte con un zap hasta un pez camuflado que pueden causar un paro cardíaco, esta lista no es algo que quieras ignorar. 

1. Cubozoos

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Cubozoa
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Cubozoa

El Cubozoa es más conocido como la medusa de caja. Esta hermosa criatura de aspecto delicado es cualquier cosa menos cuando consideras lo mortal que es. Un animal razonablemente grande, la medusa de caja puede pesar casi cinco libras, y sus muchos tentáculos delicados pueden medir hasta unos diez pies. 

Aunque tiene una apariencia casi elegante, el invertebrado en forma de caja se considera uno de los animales más tóxicos del mundo. Con una sola picadura, puede transferir un potente veneno que aturde o mata instantáneamente a su presa. 

Una picadura contiene toxinas mortales que atacan directamente el corazón, el sistema nervioso y las células de la piel. Si bien esta picadura se usa más comúnmente para que las medusas ataquen a sus presas en busca de alimento, una picadura para un humano puede ser mortal. 

El veneno es tan poderoso y doloroso que la mayoría de las víctimas humanas no pueden llegar a la orilla antes de morir. Es probable que entren en estado de shock y se ahoguen o mueran de insuficiencia cardíaca. 

It’s possible for a person to survive a Cubozoa sting; however, one can expect a nasty scar to go along with weeks of intensive pain. The venomous jellyfish causes as many as 40 deaths per year in the Philippines. 

2. pez globo

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Pufferfish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Pufferfish

Pufferfish are distinctive sea creatures known for their ability to puff up their body, expanding an array of 360-degree quills to scare off their enemies. But did you know that these venomous fish can be quite deadly? 

The pufferfish contains a dangerous toxin called tetrodotoxin. It runs throughout the animal’s entire body and is derived from bacteria. This toxin is up to 1,200 times more poisonous than cyanide, and one fish has the potential to kill 30 adult humans – with no antidote. 

Pufferfish poison can cause symptoms such as vomiting, difficulty breathing, muscle weakness, and numbness, and it can be lethal if not treated right away.

Dicho esto, la carne de este extraordinario ser en realidad se considera un manjar. Así es: este pez súper venenoso, mortal para los humanos, también sirve como una comida que la gente disfruta, especialmente en Japón. 

Not only is this meal costly, but it takes a highly trained, licensed chef to prepare it. That’s because it must be prepared in a specialized way to ensure all the toxins are removed. 

However, in many other countries, it is illegal to serve pufferfish due to the risk of poisoning.

Although there are trained individuals who are experts in the topic, there are still several deaths that occur from eating this venomous fish annually. Only a real daredevil would give this meal a shot. 

3. Pez Cirujano Cebra

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Zebra Surgeon Fish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Zebra Surgeon Fish

Con rayas que rivalizan con las del mamífero que todos conocemos y amamos, la cebra, este llamativo pez no es tan inocente como parece. Puede que no lo notes desde lejos, pero la criatura marina posee una columna vertebral eréctil que es tan afilada como un bisturí. 

The spine sits at the base of the caudal fin and contains powerful, dangerous venom. It cuts into any prey who dares to get too close. In fact, this venomous fish is known to be overly aggressive and will attack any animal or person who comes its way. 

Despite the deadly knife-like fin, the Zebra Surgeon Fish is actually edible. Many enjoy the venomous fish, but there’s still some risk to consuming it. It’s been known to cause a special kind of food poisoning called ciguatera. Ciguatera causes face numbness, itching, and in severe cases, hypotension and a slowing of the heart rate. 

4. Crown of Thorns Starfish

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Crown of Thorns Fish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Crown of Thorns Fish

The crown of thorns fish is actually a starfish, and it’s the only starfish in the whole world that is poisonous. Appropriately named, this spikey animal is covered with prickly spines. These sharp needle-like attachments can grow to be as long as two inches, and the venomous fish itself can have anywhere from 7 to 23 arms. 

Una hermosa contribución a los arrecifes de coral, los peces corona de espinas vienen en una amplia variedad de colores. Es posible que vea uno marrón promedio o colores más brillantes como verde y morado con espinas rojas, amarillas o azules. 

Si bien no es necesariamente mortal, las espinas de esta estrella de mar pueden afectar la salud humana. Si te pincha uno de ellos, puedes experimentar dolor, náuseas y vómitos. El enrojecimiento y la hinchazón en el sitio de la lesión también son comunes. 

5. mantarraya

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Stingray
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Stingray

En su mayor parte, las rayas se consideran animales tranquilos y dóciles. No tienen reputación de buscar humanos activamente con la intención de causarles daño. 

Sin embargo, tienen una fuerte reacción en términos defensivos y ese ataque puede ser mortal. 

Puede que te acuerdes de Cazador de cocodrilos steve irwin. Este cuidador de zoológico australiano, obsesionado con los animales, manejó algunos de los animales más peligrosos del mundo, hasta que fue atacado fatalmente por una raya en un horrible accidente. 

La mayoría de las lesiones por rayas ocurren debajo de la rodilla en personas que simplemente estaban en el lugar equivocado en el momento equivocado. En la mayoría de los casos, la muerte es extremadamente rara. Si bien una raya contiene veneno, generalmente no es mortal. 

Pero si una raya te golpea en el pecho o el abdomen con su cola afilada, podría matarte. Un golpe directo al corazón sin duda sería fatal. Cualquier otro tipo de perforación puede causar contracciones musculares severas, que son muy dolorosas. También puede causar la muerte de tejidos o células. 

6. Cofre

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Boxfish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Boxfish

Given the close relation of the boxfish to the pufferfish, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that this square-looking fish is also poisonous. Don’t jump to conclusions here – this fish is not nearly as poisonous as the pufferfish. But, it’s still best to keep your distance.

La forma extraña y la apariencia moderna del pez cofre lo hacen parecer inofensivo. Su color amarillo brillante es ciertamente llamativo, y luce adorables lunares negros por todas partes. 

However, this fish has been known to excrete a dangerous toxin whenever it feels threatened or scared. Their skin cells release this toxin into the water, which will poison anything in the surrounding area. 

La toxina puede descomponerse y destruir los glóbulos rojos, lo que puede ser dañino tanto para la vida marina como para los humanos que se acercan demasiado.   

7. Candirú 

image
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Candiru.

Image credit: Ivan Sazima & Jansen Zuanon – https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0540-2020

El Candiru es un pez nativo de la región del río Amazon. Es asombroso en su similitud con una anguila, ya que cuenta con una apariencia translúcida y no tiene escamas como otros peces. 

Este pequeño pez mide solo una pulgada de largo, por lo que es difícil verlo incluso en el agua. Este pez no posee ningún veneno, pero es bastante mortal. Es un bagre parásito al que le gusta aferrarse a las cavidades branquiales de otros peces, alimentándose de su sangre. 

Cuando el Candiru decide convertir a un humano en su presa, en realidad ingresará al cuerpo a través de la uretra de una persona. Una vez dentro, suelta sus cortas espinas, que se adhieren a la víctima y le provocan inflamación. También puede causar hemorragia y eventualmente incluso la muerte.  

8. pez león

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Lionfish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Lionfish

El pez león es bastante impresionante en términos de apariencia. Totalmente cubierto de tiras marrones y blancas, el pez cuenta con grandes aletas ondulantes que fluyen con gracia a través del agua. 

Aunque sus aletas son agradables a la vista, no recomendamos acercarse a este gran felino del océano. Un animal altamente tóxico, el pez león tiene veneno dentro de sus espinas dorsales. 

The dorsal spines can inject a toxic substance when the fish is touched or grabbed. The venom can cause severe pain and swelling, and it can be life-threatening in some cases.

Afortunadamente, no se sabe que el pez sea agresivo en absoluto. De hecho, en realidad es un pez bastante tímido al que le gusta ocuparse de sus propios asuntos. Las espinas dorsales simplemente actúan como un mecanismo de defensa para protegerlo cuando los depredadores se acercan demasiado. 

Es mejor mantenerse alejado de estos tipos: el contacto con esa aleta dorsal produce un fuerte veneno que puede causar dolor intenso, vómitos, dificultad para respirar y, finalmente, parálisis de todos los músculos del cuerpo humano. Una vez que se impacta el músculo cardíaco, el resultado es la muerte. 

9. Pez piedra

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Stonefish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Stonefish

The stonefish is not a particularly attractive fish, but don’t say that to its face. Hidden in the Red Sea and the Indo-Pacific, this fish houses 13 dorsal spines that are very much venomous. 

The venomous fish can be challenging to spot, as it likes to hide on the seabed. It accomplishes excellent camouflage by burying itself in the sand or hiding within the rocks. When all is said and done, it merely looks like another stone in the ocean.

A sting from one of these many spines can cause a person to lose consciousness. That alone is a threat when you’re in the water. Plus, the venom can also cause cardiac arrest.

The venom can cause severe pain, swelling, and sometimes result in death. Stonefish are usually found in shallow waters near coral reefs, and they are well-camouflaged. When you look at the picture above, keep in mind how close it was taken, and that you wouldn’t see the details that make you recognize the living fish from some distance with your snorkeling mask on.

The very well-made camouflage makes the venomous fish extremely difficult to spot. Stonefish are not aggressive and do not typically attack humans. However, accidents can happen when people step on them or touch them accidentally while swimming or diving.

(También puede estar interesado en leer acerca de la Los peces más peligrosos del océano)

10. Pez víbora

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World Viperfish
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Viperfish

Many people fear the deepest depths of the ocean because it’s pitch black and relatively unknown. However, some fear this region of the world because of what we do know – like the venomous viperfish. 

El pez que habita en aguas profundas tiene una apariencia desagradable, lleno de dientes retorcidos e irregulares que llegan tanto dentro como fuera de su boca. 

Its appearance alone is enough to scare anyone who encounters this fish, but it’s also one of the most venomous fish you can find in the ocean. 

The viperfish is most well known for its light-producing organ, which hangs from a line over its head. The light serves to attract other fish. The viperfish lies completely still as its prey approaches the light, and then it strikes. 

While extraordinarily poisonous and deadly, this venomous fish lives far deeper than you will probably ever go in the ocean. Plus, it’s really only interested in its next meal, not humans. 

Bonus: 11. Cone Snail

Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World cone snail
Top 10 Most Poisonous and Venomous Fish in the World: Cone Snail

los cone snail is not a fish, but it completes this list nevertheless nicely. The marine snail that is found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world and can be found in many colors. It has a venomous harpoon-like tooth that it uses to capture its prey. The venom of some species of cone snail is very toxic and can cause serious injury or death if not treated instantly.

Luckily, cone snails are not aggressive. The venomous snails do not attack humans on purpose, but accidents can happen when people step on them accidentally.

(¿Pescando en Aguas Dulces? Debes saber sobre la Los peces de agua dulce más peligrosos)

Do you know the difference between venomous and poisonous fish?

Venomous and poisonous are often used interchangeably, but they actually refer to different ways that animals can harm humans.

A venomous animal has a special organ or gland that produces a toxic substance, which it then injects into its prey or attacker using a bite, sting, or other means of delivery. The venom works by disrupting the normal function of the body’s cells and tissues, and it can cause a range of symptoms, from mild pain and swelling to serious illness or death.

So in short, a venomous fish bites you!

On the other hand, a poisonous animal or plant contains toxins that are harmful when they are ingested or come into contact with the skin. The poison works by being absorbed into the body and causing harm when it reaches certain organs or systems. Poisonous animals and plants do not have a special delivery system for their toxins and do not actively inject them into other organisms.

So in short, a poisonous fish is eaten by you!

To sum up, venomous animals use a delivery system to inject toxins into their prey or attackers, while poisonous animals or plants contain toxins that are harmful when ingested or come into contact with the skin.

Everything else you need to know about venomous and poisonous fish!

Which is the most venomous fish?

The most venomous fish is the pez piedra. It is found in the waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, and it has venomous spines on its back that can inject a toxic substance when the fish is stepped on or touched.

Stonefish venom is very toxic and can cause serious injury or death if not treated right away.

What are the top 10 most poisonous fish?

Some examples of poisonous fish include the pufferfish, the red lionfish, and the cone snail.

los pufferfish, also known as fugu, is a type of fish that is highly poisonous due to a toxin called tetrodotoxin that is found in its skin, muscles, and internal organs.

The red lionfish is a species of fish that is native to the Indo-Pacific region, but it has been introduced to the waters of the Caribbean and the western Atlantic Ocean. It has venomous spines on its back and fins that can inject a toxic substance when the fish is touched or grabbed.

los cone snail is a type of marine snail that is found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. It has a venomous harpoon-like tooth that it uses to capture its prey. The venom of some species of cone snail is very toxic and can cause serious harm or even death if not treated right away. Cone snails are not aggressive and do not usually assault humans, but accidents can happen. When people touch them or step on them accidentally, treatment is required immediately.

What fish have venom?

Many sorts of fish have venom, which they use for either defense or to capture prey. Venom is a toxic substance that is produced by an animal and delivered to its prey or attacker using a bite, sting, or other means of injection. Venom works by disrupting the normal function of the body’s cells and tissues, and it can cause a range of symptoms. The effects range from mild pain and swelling to serious illness or death. Some examples of venomous fish include pez piedra, stingrays, weeverfish, and lionfish.

Which fish Cannot be eaten?

There are several types of fish that cannot be eaten due to the toxins they contain. Eating these fish can cause serious illness or death. Some examples of poisonous fish that should not be eaten include the pufferfish, the lionfish, and the pez piedra.

What freshwater fish are venomous?

There are a few species of freshwater fish that are venomous, such as the stingray and the weeverfish. These fish are found in rivers, streams, and lakes in tropical and subtropical regions.

Which fish can be lethally poisonous?

Some fish can be lethally poisonous if you eat them, as they contain toxins that are harmful to humans. These toxins can cause serious illness or death if not treated by a doctor right away. Some examples of fish that can be lethally poisonous include the pufferfish y el cone snail.

What fish can paralyze you?

There are several types of fish that can produce toxins that can cause paralysis in humans. These toxins work by disrupting the normal function of the body’s muscles and nerves, leading to muscle weakness and difficulty moving. Some examples of fish that can paralyze humans include the pufferfish y el pez piedra.

Can you survive pufferfish poison?

It is possible to survive pufferfish poisoning, but it can be very serious and requires prompt medical treatment. Pufferfish poison can cause symptoms such as vomiting, difficulty breathing, muscle weakness, and numbness. If left untreated, it can lead to coma or death. The severity of the symptoms and the risk of death depend on the amount of poison that was eaten. You should seek professional aid right away to increase the chances to survive pufferfish poison, after ingestion.

Can you eat a blowfish?

Blowfish, also known as pufferfish or fugu, is a type of fish that is poisonous if not prepared properly. In some countries, it is considered a delicacy and is prepared by specially trained chefs who know how to remove the toxic parts of the fish. In other countries, it is illegal to serve blowfish due to the risk of poisoning.

It is generally not safe to eat blowfish unless it has been prepared by a trained professional. Blowfish contains a toxin called tetrodotoxin that is found in its skin, muscles, and internal organs. This toxin is extremely poisonous and can cause symptoms such as vomiting, difficulty breathing, muscle weakness, and numbness, and it can be lethal if not treated shortly.

Only certain parts of the blowfish are safe to eat, and these must be carefully removed by a trained chef to avoid poisoning. Thus, eating blowfish is risky, as it is difficult to know how much toxin is still present in the ready prepared fish dish.

Venomous and poisonous fish: Conclusion

Whether from a sting directly to the heart of an innocent meal in a foreign country, any one of these extremely poisonous and venomous creatures could be the last thing you encounter alive. We can certainly still enjoy the beauty, mystery, and intrigue of the ocean – but sometimes it’s best done from afar. 

¿Qué tan útil fue esta publicación?

¡Haz clic en una estrella para calificarla!

Puntuación media 4.2 / 5. Recuento de votos: 5

No hay votos hasta ahora! Sea el primero en calificar esta publicación.

¡Lamentamos que este post no te haya resultado útil!

¡Mejoremos este post!

Cuéntanos ¿cómo podemos mejorar este post?

es_ESEspañol
Scroll al inicio